Our planet’s environment is made up of multiple elements. Temperature is one of those elements. It plays a significant role to sustain life on Earth. A little change in the Earth’s average temperature can negatively impact living beings’ lives on the planet. This change can be an increase or a decrease.
When Earth’s average temperature increases continuously, it is called Global Warming. The temperature of the Earth’s surface has increased more than one degree Fahrenheit in the last century. This increase is adversely affecting the life and ecosystem of Earth.
Causes of Global Warming
There are some natural and some human-generated causes of global warming. The natural ones are the Greenhouse effect, volcanic eruptions, forest fires, and increasing population as humans and animals exhale carbon dioxide.
If we talk about the causes generated by humans. They are greenhouse gas emissions (greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide, sulphur dioxide, nitrous oxide, ozone, and water vapour), deforestation, mining, and fossil fuel burning. Human activities are considered the greatest cause of global warming.
Effects of Global Warming
Global warming leaves very severe effects on Earth’s atmosphere. It can affect the pattern of rainfall and an increase in sea level. It also can cause glacier melting, heat waves, extreme seasons, etc.
Scientists agree that the earth’s rising temperature is fueling longer and hotter heat waves, more frequent droughts, heavier rainfall, and more powerful hurricanes. If global warming continues, all of these conditions will get more critical.
First of all, Deforestation needs to be stopped at all levels. Government should impose a strict penalty on those who are found doing so. Secondly, we should plant more trees as they inhale carbon dioxide. More trees, less global warming.
Apart from that, people must use vehicles efficiently and should use a bicycle for covering shorter distances. Encourage eco-friendly and recyclable products. Most noteworthy, we should spread awareness about the severity of global warming.
In conclusion, Global warming is adversely affecting the life and ecosystem of Earth. It is a type of disease for the environment and we have to heal it. We need to restrict the natural calamities of the future. Human activities are highly responsible for the increasing temperature of our planet. Hence, humans must take responsibility to tackle it.
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